A diamond is carbon that is crystallized under high pressure and temperature underground. It is the hardest surface known to man and is valued for many reasons, including its rarity.
Diamonds are graded based on the four C’s: clarity, cut, color and carat. These four factors are studied and evaluated based on grading scales for each factor. The Gemological Institute of America and the American Gem Society are two very well known and user friendly diamond grading organizations. They provide ways to verify the grades that your diamonds have received according to the jewelers.
The four C’s are cut, color, clarity and carat. Cut is determined by the angles at which the diamonds edges fall. Cut affects how the light is dispersed throughout the diamond and accounts for its brilliance. Good proportions are critical to obtaining a high quality cut grade from any diamond grade. Color is just as it sounds. It is the absence or presence of any kind of color. A perfect diamond is colorless, while colored diamonds are very rare and typically have to be manmade. Clarity is a term that refers to the flaws and imperfections that could grace a diamond and affect how the light reflects out of the diamond. Carat refers to the size and weight of the diamond.
Diamonds have been rare in the past; however, more recently, whenever a large amount if diamonds are found at a mine, they are stockpiled for future use. They are also naturally made, so they can keep being created as long as there are places for them to rise to the surface.
A cut refers to the style in which the facets are manufactured. The shape of a diamond is the design in which the stone itself is cut in.
Famous diamonds include the Hope Diamond, the Heart of Eternity, the Eureka Diamond and the Florentine Diamond. One famous diamond that is identifiable to many is the Heart of the Ocean from the movie Titanic; however, that is a mistake. That diamond never actually existed, and it is believed to be a combination of the Hope Diamond and the Heart of Eternity.<
The most important qualities of a diamond are the four C’s.
Purchasing a diamond is obviously an investment. 2-3 month salary is typical for buying an engagement ring. However, each situation is unique. It is possible to find a beautiful, quality diamond go propose with for under $700. Cost will depend on what you are willing to spend and where you are financially at that point.